El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Malcolm X)

Saturday, February 21, 2009

Malcolm Little, the son of an African American Baptist preacher, Earl Little, was born in Omaha, Nebraska, on 19th May, 1925.

Little moved to Boston to live with his sister. In 1946 he was convicted of burglary and sentenced to ten years imprisonment. While in prison he was converted to the Black Muslim faith. Little visited Elijah Muhammad in Chicago, Illinois. Then, like many members of the Nation of Islam, he changed his surname to "X". Malcolm X was named assistant minister of the Nation of Islam's Temple Number One in Detroit. By late 1953, he established Boston's Temple Number Eleven. In March 1954, Malcolm X expanded Temple Number Twelve in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Two months later he was selected to lead the Nation of Islam's Temple Number Seven in Harlem. He rapidly expanded its membership. From his adoption of the Nation of Islam in 1952 until he left the organization in 1964, Malcolm X promoted the Nation's teachings.

In March 1964 Malcolm left the Nation of Islam and established his own religious organization, the Organization of Afro-American Unity. Malcolm X spoke before a wide variety of audiences in the United States. He spoke at regular meetings of Muslim Mosque, Inc., and the Organization of Afro-American Unity. He was one of the most sought-after speakers on college campuses. After a pilgrimage to Mecca, Malcolm rejected his former separatist beliefs and advocated world brotherhood. Malcolm now blamed racism on Western culture and urged African Americans to join with sympathetic whites to bring to an end. The Nation of Islam and its leaders began making threats against Malcolm X both in private and in public.

On March 1964, Malcolm X publicly announced his break from the Nation of Islam. He said that he was still a Muslim, but he felt the Nation of Islam had "gone as far as it can" because of its rigid religious teachings. Malcolm X founded Muslim Mosque, Inc., a religious organization, and the Organization of Afro-American Unity, a secular group that advocated black nationalism. Malcolm X made a speech titled "The Ballot or the Bullet" in which he advised African-Americans to exercise their right to vote wisely. Several Sunni Muslims encouraged Malcolm X to learn about Islam. Soon he converted to Sunni Islam, and decided to make his pilgrimage to Mecca.

On February 21, 1965, in Manhattan's Audubon Ballroom, Malcolm X began to speak to a meeting of the Organization of Afro-American Unity when a disturbance broke out in the crowd. A man yelled, "Nigger! Get your hand outta my pocket!" As Malcolm X and his bodyguards moved to quiet the disturbance, a man rushed forward and shot Malcolm X in the chest with a sawed-off shotgun. Two other men charged the stage and fired handguns, hitting him 16 times. Malcolm X was pronounced dead shortly after he arrived at Columbia Presbyterian Hospital.

Talmadge Hayer, a Black Muslim also known as Thomas Hagan, Norman 3X Butler and Thomas 15X Johnson, all members of the Nation of Islam.
was convicted for the assassination.

And you dare to call me coloured...

"When I'm born I'm Black, when I grow up I'm Black, when I'm in the cold I'm Black, when I'm in the sun I'm Black, when I'm sick I'm Black, when I die I'm Black. And you... When you're born you're Pink, when you grow up you're White, when you're in the cold you're Blue, when you're in the sun Red, when you're sick you're Green, when you die you're Purple. And you dare to call ME a coloured....".

Malcolm X


Cell phones, getting worst than ever.

Sunday, February 15, 2009

I have pass the drivers that cannot maneuver through morning/evening traffic because they’re on the phone. The loud talker in line that wants everyone to hear his/her conversation. People interacting at checkout lines talking on the cell phone, no common courtesy. The bluetooth ear pieces, please, If you are that important you need to be at your desk taking care of your business.

Most of us cannot function without our phones. My first mobile phone was one that was mounted in the trunk of my car sometime around 1986/1988. At that time everyone didn’t have these gadgets and it was the show stopper for those that had one. I always had phone etiquette, was never disrespectful when others were in the car, didn’t run to the car when the horn went off, (it was hooked to the horn as a ring tone) and I kept it off most of the time. Today I keep my phone in the car (I think 12 people have my number).

Im amazed that a phone will make us do the unbelievable. The phone will make you stand outside during a tornado watches, hurricanes, floods and video the event. We put our lives in danger doing this, then we send it to the media, call all our friends and tell them ‘to watch the news that my video/picture’.

The phone distracts us from robbers and car jackers cause we are too busy talking about nothing while walking to our cars, going into the house, sitting at intersections. The phone takes away conversations in cars, everyone is on their phone talking, texting, reading e-mails. Cell phones interrupts conversations, we immediately take incoming calls, ignore the original person we were talking to, and start a new conversation with the caller, total disrespect.

Cell phones use to be the life saver for the injured or those that need help, now when someone gets shot, car accident, fires, we don’t call 911 or the police, we grab our cell phone and start taking pictures, start videoing and ignore the situation at hand.

Correct me if i'm wrong, is this the way we were raised? Not Me.



Sunday, February 1, 2009

Will Redoubt give us another spectacular eruption or will it remind us the volcanos powerful forces. December 1989 and April 1990 the stratovolcano gave us a shake that was just breathtaking. Now scientists from the Alaska Volcano Observatory warned that an eruption was imminent.

From the past Redoubt's eruptions are generally explosive and produce lava flows as well as pyroclastic flow. Extremely explosive eruptions sends large quantities of ash high into the stratosphere. Redoubt is also known for it’s large tephra plume of volcanic ash that have reached altitudes of 7 to 12km. Minerals within volcanic ash are primarily derived from the magma.

The type of minerals within an ash deposit depends upon the chemistry of the magma from which it was erupted. Typical minerals by magma composition consists of CaO, SiO2, MgO, Al2O3, FetO3, Na2O, and S. Some metals including Mn, Ba, V, Zr Cu, Sr, and Zn may be present. Most minerals in ash will affect the composition of soil in the long term, possibly affecting livestock and agriculture. High values of allophane, organic C, Fe, Al, and Mn have been reported in glacial sediments. These minerals crystalized and grow within the magma.

Ash particles can be so fine that they are breathed deep into the lungs. Common symptoms are: airway irritation, hacking cough, chest complaints, Nasal irritation and discharge, wheezing, or shortness of breath. Breathing becomes uncomfortable, burning of the eyes, photosensitivity, eyes becoming painful, itchy or bloodshot. Acute conjunctivitis, sticky discharge or tearing.

So if Redoubt erupts take some precautions, refrain from driving and stay indoors if possible,
wear goggles or corrective eyeglasses, wear effective dust masks or a fabric mask from cloth, dampening the fabric with water will improve its effectiveness. Keep all doors and windows closed whenever possible. Plus with the media we have today, just sit back and watch the event on TV.

It's Gonna Be Bedlam


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